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Stock Market History

A place where company stocks and other securities are trades is a stock exchange. Less and less trading is linked to such a physical place nowadays. Speed and low cost of transactions are advantages or modern markets being electronic networks. One of the most important components of a stock market is a stock exchange.

Men who managed debts of agricultural communities on behalf of banks, are considered to be the first �brokers� which are mentioned in the history in the 11th century France. They could be called the first brokers, because in some cases they also traded in debts.

In Bruges (�Bruges Bourse�), in the late 13th century Van der Burse started to gather the commodity traders. �Bourses�, in Ghent and Amsterdam were opening since, this idea became very popular and therefore spread around the neighbor countries.

In the middle of the 13th Century in Venetia, first time bankers started to trade in the government securities. People in Pisa, Verona, Genoa and Florence also began trading in government securities later in the 14th Century.
In 1602 the first shares on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange were issued by the Dutch East India Company. This was the first company to issue stocks and bonds.

The stock trading was opened and called the London Stock Exchange in 1688 London.

Outside of 68 Wall Street in New York under a buttonwood tree on May 17, 1792, twenty-four stock brokers singed the Buttonwood Agreement. They were renamed into �New York Stock & Exchange Board�, on March 8, 1817.

Exchanges (generally knows as futures exchanges) were established to trade futures contracts and later options contracts in the 19th century.

There are a large number of stock exchanges in the world at the current moment. Below is a list of 20 of the world biggest stock exchanges, which are sorted by market capitalization:

  1. NYSE - The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume. NYSE is nicknamed the "Big Board", and is a New York City-based stock exchange.
  2. Tokyo Stock Exchange - The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), is the second largest stock exchange market in the world by monetary volume. The TSE is located in Tokyo, Japan.
  3. NASDAQ - The NASDAQ (acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations system) is an American stock market. It was founded in 1971.  NASDAQ is the largest electronic screen-based equity securities market in the United States.
  4. London Stock Exchange
  5. Hong Kong Stock Exchange
  6. Toronto Stock Exchange
  7. Frankfurt Stock Exchange
  8. Shanghai Stock Exchange
  9. Madrid Stock Exchange Australian Securities Exchange
  10. Australian Securities Exchange
  11. Swiss Exchange
  12. Nordic Stock Exchange Group OMX
  13. Milan Stock Exchange
  14. Bombay Stock Exchange
  15. Korea Exchange
  16. S�o Paulo Stock Exchange
  17. National Stock Exchange of India
  18. Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange
  19. Johannesburg Securities Exchange
  20. Taiwan Stock Exchange

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The Information on the Site is provided for information purposes only. The Information is not intended to be and does not constitute financial advice or any other advice. The trading of stocks, futures, commodities, index futures or any other securities has potential rewards, and it also has potential risks involved. Trading may not be suitable for all users of this Website. Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance. You absolutely must make your own decisions before acting on any information obtained from this Website.

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